When working as a janitor they can hold a job in a variety of sections in the workplace. They can work in medical hospitals and offices, schools, factories, government building and more. Although most janitor jobs will not require that you have to have a union membership or licensing other than insurance and some type of bonding there are some that will require one or both of these requirements.
When a person works as a janitor they will be an employee of a janitorial service or be self employed. A janitor that cleans office buildings, schools, etc will normally work after the business is closed for the day. To be able to enter the facility to clean they will need a key or some way to get inside the building. This is why they have to be eligible for bonding. The service they are working for will generally provide both insurance and bonding. You will also have to pass a criminal background check in order to be bonded and hired by these janitorial service companies.
If your janitorial job is direct hire, like working in a hospital or school you may be required to some type of licensing or training in different areas of maintenance. For example, if a janitorial job is listed as a maintenance job you may have to have experience or previous training in different areas of this job, such as in electrical work, plumbing, or HVAC. You may also be required to join a union.
Some janitor jobs may fall under labor unions, public employee unions, or service e employee unions so you would be required to have a membership in the union. Each pay period you will have union dues withheld from your paycheck in order to have certain working conditions and benefits that are negotiated by the union on behalf of all members. How much the union dues will be depend on the location and union affiliation. In most public school districts, their janitorial jobs are union positions.
Any special certification or training that will be required is normally listed in the job description. When special licensing is required, you will have current licensing but in some cases, work experience is accepted in place of licensing provided you are qualified and will get your licensing within the time specified. If union membership is required, it may or may not be listed in the job description but you will be told in the interview or pre-employment screening. You should also be provided a copy that list the amount of dues and a copy of the current working contract.
If you are not sure if you need any special licensing or will be required to pay membership dues ask if they are not stated.